Debt settlement programs usually are offered by for-profit companies, and involve the company renegotiating with your loan creditors to allow you to pay a loan “settlement” to resolve your loan debt. The settlement is another way to say lump sum that's less than the entire amount you owe. To make that entire lump sum payment, the debt settlement program asks that you put aside an exact amount of money every month in savings or some other account. Debt settlement companies may ask that you transfer this set amount every month into an account to accumulate enough savings to pay down a settlement that is reached eventually. Furthermore, these programs usually encourage their clients to stop making any monthly payments to their loan creditors.